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DENTAL TECHNOLOGY DICTIONARY

Terms commonly used in dental technology.

A

Abutment
1. a tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.
2. part of the implant that supports the restoration.
 
Acrylic
A polymerized plastic resin used in dentures for their high strength, light weight and wear resistance.
 
Anterior
pertaining to the front of the mouth or the front of the teeth.

B

Bicuspid
a tooth having two cusps.  The font most of the posterior teeth. The 4th and 5th tooth from the midline.
 
Biocompatible
compatible with living cells, tissues, organs, or systems, and posing no risk of injury, toxicity, or rejection by the immune system.
 
Bite Registration
A recording of the jaw relationship in centric and functional vertical dimension.
 
Body Porcelain
The porcelain that simulates natural dentin and is used to build up the main body of a restoration.
 
Body/Enamel Blend
The gradual transition of the body porcelain to the enamel porcelain in a ceramic restoration.
 
Bonding
the act of adhering a restoration to a natural tooth with a resin.
 
Bridge
A fixed restoration which connects two or more teeth in a mouth.
 
Bruxism
habitual grinding of the teeth, particularly during sleep.
Buccal
near or toward the cheek.
 
Build
to add wet porcelain to a restoration in preparation for firing
 
Butt Margin
A porcelain to metal restoration with the porcelain extending all the way to a shoulder preparation, leaving no exposed metal.
 
Button Implant
A mushroom shaped metal insert attached to the tissue surface of a removable denture that fits against a surgically prepared receptor site in the mucosa for retention.

C

CAD/CAM
the combination of computer-aided design with computer-aided manufacturing.
 
Canine
1. cuspid; eye tooth; anterior; incisor
2. a tooth having a single cusp used for tearing food.  The third tooth from the midline.
 
Cantilever Bridge
a bridge having an artificial tooth attached beyond the point of anchorage
 
Cap
A lay man’s term for a dental crown.
 
Cast
A model formed from a mold.
 
Cast Partial
a removable partial denture consisting of a cast metal framework containing artificial teeth set in an acrylic resin.
 
Casting Machine
a machine in which molten materials are cast into molds with centrifugal force, gravity, pressure and/or vacuum.
 
Cavitron
a device that uses a metal tip that vibrates ultrasonically and water that flushes away 
the bacteria and plaque that accumulate on your teeth.

Cement
a fluid or semi-fluid compound used to seal and retain a restoration in a fixed position within or on a tooth.
 
Central Incisor
one of the two teeth in the middle of either the upper or lower arch.
 
Ceramic
Dental ceramics are finely ground porelain powders, mixed with liquids in a workable state, then sculpted by the technician and fired in a furnace to a hard glossy state.
 
Ceramic Crown
a crown made entirely of ceramic.
 
Characterize
to vary the color or contour of a restoration to produce highlights to give the tooth a lifelike appearance.
 
Chroma Dentin
a semi-opaque porcelain that masks the transition from a translucent to a transparent porcelain.
 
Clasp
The portion of a removable partial denture that “clips” onto teeth.
 
Complete Denture
a removable prosthesis that replaces all the natural teeth and the surrounding tissues.
 
Composite
a compound resin used for dental restorations consisting of ceramic particles suspended in an acrylic resin.

Coping
A thin metal or ceramic covering over a die to which ceramic is applied.
 
Crossbite
abnormal tooth or jaw position.
 
Crown
a non-removable restoration that covers a natural tooth.


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